It is thrilling to explore and discover new places, peoples and their cultures. There is a grave side to travelling though. The reason is that you may contract bacteria or viruses that are very new to you and don’t even exist in your home country. Travel vaccine, therefore, play an important role in preserving your life.
Most travellers then feel quite unsettled when they factor in the issue of travel vaccines. The type of vaccination that is required will be dictated by the time of year that you’ll be travelling and the geographical region you will be going to. The following is a discussion of a few of the diseases that are of concern for when you consider taking a travel jab.
Japanese Encephalitis is one such disease that is contracted through bites from infected mosquitoes usually in tropical surroundings.s which is contracted from a mosquito bite Though its symptoms may not be very serious, it could cause problems like inflammation of the brain. The travel inoculation is given in 3 doses and a month before the day of traveling. Culprit countries are; South East Asia, Far East, and Tropical North East Australia.
Malaria is a disease that is common in tropical regions and is spread by Anopheles mosquito bites. The symptoms of a malaria infection begin to show 10 days to 21 days after infection and they may include all or some of the following; flu-like symptoms, joint and muscle -aches, fever, chills, vomiting, nausea and a general feeling of being sick. A preventive anti-malarial regiment should be administred to travellers 3 weeks before tarvelling and taken for 4 weeks more after return. Africa, The Middle East and Asia are the affected areas.
Travellers should also be concerned about typhoid fever. Typhoid is got from contaminated food or water. The disease is viral and symptoms are fever, headaches, and diarrhea. This disease is dangerous. Vaccination should be given one month before the day of travel. Apart from getting the jab, you should take care of the sources of food and water you take to ensure high standards of hygiene are observed. Central and South America, Africa, Asia and the Middle East are among the regions where typhoid is prevalent.
There is another serious disease namely Yellow Fever. It is only found in Sub-Saharan Africa and tropical South America. The disease is contracted through bites from mosquitoes that are infected with the virus. The symptoms include; vomiting, headache, bleeding and jaundice. This disease is fatal. Actually, in some countries especially those in East Africa one is required to have a certificate of immunization before entry. The travel vaccine is administered 10 days before your day of travel and it lasts up to 10 years.
Its important to visit a travel clinic to get the appropriate jab for you so that you can have a successful and safe trip.